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Hiylə ilə tikilmiş evliliklər: Böyük sır və böyük xəta

Hiylə: The Art and Science of Trickery

Trickery is a universal phenomenon that can be found in every culture and every time period. Trickery, or hiylə in Azerbaijani, is the use or practice of tricks or stratagems to deceive or cheat others. Hiylə can be used for good or evil, for fun or profit, for survival or domination. In this article, we will explore the definition, origin, types, motives, risks, ethics, detection, and prevention of hiylə.

What is hiylə?

Hiylə is a word that has multiple meanings and connotations in Azerbaijani. It can mean trickery, deception, cunning, craftiness, guile, fraud, or deceit. Hiylə can also refer to a trick, a scheme, a plot, a ruse, or a stratagem. Hiylə can be used as a noun, a verb, or an adjective.


The definition and meaning of hiylə

According to the Turkic Language Dictionaries website, hiylə is defined as "kələk, fırıldaq, fənd; məkr", which translates to "trickery, deception, artifice; fraud". Hiylə is derived from the Arabic word "ḥīla", which means "a way out; a device; a stratagem; an artifice". Hiylə is also related to the Turkish word "hile", which has the same meaning.

The origin and history of hiylə

Hiylə has a long and rich history in Azerbaijani culture and literature. Hiylə is often associated with folk tales and proverbs that feature trickster characters who use their wit and cleverness to overcome challenges or adversaries. For example, one of the most famous tricksters in Azerbaijani folklore is Koroğlu, a legendary hero who fought against tyranny and injustice with his band of rebels. Koroğlu used various forms of hiylə to outsmart his enemies and achieve his goals.

The types and examples of hiylə

Hiylə can be classified into different types based on the purpose, method, target, and outcome of the trickery. Some common types of hiylə are:

  • Hiylə for amusement: This type of hiylə is used for fun or entertainment, without any malicious intent or serious harm. For example, playing a prank on a friend or telling a joke with a twist.

  • Hiylə for survival: This type of hiylə is used for self-preservation or protection from danger or threat. For example, hiding from an enemy or pretending to be dead.

  • Hiylə for advantage: This type of hiylə is used for gaining an edge or benefit over others in a competitive situation. For example, cheating on a test or bluffing in a game.

  • Hiylə for manipulation: This type of hiylə is used for influencing or controlling others' behavior or emotions for one's own interest. For example, lying to get what one wants or flattering someone to get their favor.

Some examples of hiylə in different contexts are:

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Example of hiylə


A politician makes false promises or spreads fake news to win votes or discredit opponents.


A business owner uses deceptive advertising or unfair practices to attract customers or increase profits.


A person cheats on their partner or lies about their feelings to avoid commitment or confrontation.


A student plagiarizes someone else's work or uses a hidden device to get answers during an exam.


A player fakes an injury or fouls an opponent to gain an advantage or influence the referee's decision.


A magician performs an illusion or a sleight of hand to create a sense of wonder or mystery.

Why do people use hiylə?

The motives and benefits of hiylə

People use hiylə for various reasons, depending on their goals, values, and circumstances. Some possible motives and benefits of hiylə are:

  • Hiylə for curiosity: Some people use hiylə to explore the limits of their abilities or to test the reactions of others. They may enjoy the challenge or the thrill of tricking others, or they may want to learn something new or gain insight into human nature.

  • Hiylə for creativity: Some people use hiylə to express their imagination or originality. They may use hiylə as a form of art, humor, or storytelling, or they may use hiylə to create something novel or innovative.

  • Hiylə for justice: Some people use hiylə to fight against oppression or injustice. They may use hiylə to expose corruption, reveal the truth, or defend the weak. They may use hiylə as a form of resistance, protest, or activism.

  • Hiylə for power: Some people use hiylə to gain or maintain power over others. They may use hiylə to dominate, control, or influence others, or to protect themselves from being dominated, controlled, or influenced by others. They may use hiylə as a form of coercion, intimidation, or manipulation.

These are not mutually exclusive categories, and some people may use hiylə for more than one motive or benefit. For example, a person may use hiylə for both curiosity and power, or for both creativity and justice.

The risks and costs of hiylə

While hiylə may have some benefits, it also comes with some risks and costs. Some possible risks and costs of hiylə are:

  • Hiylə for backfire: Sometimes, hiylə may not work as intended or may have unintended consequences. The trickster may fail to deceive or cheat others, or may end up deceiving or cheating themselves. The trickster may also face retaliation, punishment, or legal action from those who were tricked.

  • Hiylə for distrust: Sometimes, hiylə may damage the trust and reputation of the trickster. The trickster may lose the respect, confidence, or loyalty of others, or may alienate themselves from their friends, family, or community. The trickster may also become paranoid, cynical, or isolated from others.

  • Hiylə for guilt: Sometimes, hiylə may cause the trickster to feel guilty or remorseful for their actions. The trickster may regret hurting, harming, or betraying others, or may feel conflicted about their own values and morals. The trickster may also suffer from psychological distress, such as anxiety, depression, or low self-esteem.

  • Hiylə for addiction: Sometimes, hiylə may become an addiction or a compulsion for the trickster. The trickster may become dependent on hiylə to achieve their goals, cope with their problems, or satisfy their needs. The trickster may also lose sight of reality, honesty, or authenticity.

These are not mutually exclusive categories either, and some people may face more than one risk or cost of hiylə. For example, a person may face both backfire and guilt, or both distrust and addiction.

The ethics and morality of hiylə

The ethics and morality of hiylə are complex and controversial issues that depend on various factors such as the context, intention, or sympathy, if someone tries to create a sense of urgency, scarcity, or exclusivity, if someone tries to flatter, praise, or compliment excessively.

These signs and clues are not conclusive or definitive, and they may vary depending on the context and the source of the hiylə. However, they can serve as red flags or warning signals that can alert one to be more cautious and critical.

The methods and tools of hiylə detection

Some methods and tools that can help one to detect hiylə are:

Hiylə for verification: This method refers to checking or confirming the validity or reliability of what is presented or proposed. For example, one can verify the credentials, references, or testimonials of a person or an organization, one can verify the sources, evidence, or data of a claim or an argument, one can verify the reviews, ratings, or feedback of a product or a servic


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